The mineral known as Gilsonite (natural bitumen or natural asphalt) was discovered in the early 1860s, but in the mid-1880s, Samuel H. Gilson promoted it as a waterproof cover for wooden columns and for electric insulation of electric cables and as a unique cover.
Gilsonite Stone was so noted in 1888 that Gilson and his partner founded the first company to its Extraction and marketing.
Processes on Gilsonite or natural bitumen have today removed a lot of impurities, and on the other hand, new and stronger solvents have made the softening points more attractive to potential customers.
Today, Gilsonite is classified according to two parameters: ash and mesh. All degrees of Gilsonite today are much more quality than the original product that was promoted in the 1880s
The ancient texts dating back to the third millennium BC and the narrative of Greek and Roman historians such as Xenophon, Ptolemy, Herodotus, Plotarch, Strabo and Pliny all refer to the presence of mines and natural asphalt lake in the Near East region have.
These mines begin at India’s vast Indus region and continue along the productive crescent to the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt and the bahralmiat (Dead Sea) in Jordan. Most of these natural asphalt lake are concentrated in the southwest region of Iran and Mesopotamia.
The history of the use of bitumen in Mesopotamia dates back to prehistory. In Iran and especially in western Iran, this material is abundantly found, and people of this area from the Neolithic period in various ways,
There are thousands of oilfields in the Middle East, with plenty of natural bitumen flowing along with water or just from the ground, there is most notably natural asphalt lake in “Dehloran”. In that natural asphalt lake, molten bitumen flows along the water. Perhaps the first human encounter of the Neolithic Age was the bitterness of these springs and lakes, which were very cautious due to the sticky and sometimes foolishness of approaching them and considered them as the pit of death.
From this period onwards, familiar with the intrinsic qualities of natural bitumen and its ability to penetrate water, adhesiveness, smoothness and bitterness, and the possibility of combining with other materials, they gradually learned from various applications. The following uses have been reported in this article in ancient history:
It was discovered in Utah in the 1860s, but by the year 1880, when Samuel H. Gilson used it as a cover material for insulation and insulation of timber and electrical cables, it was not well-known. In 1888, he founded a company and extracted and distributed on a commercial scale with his partner Gilsonite, It was such a great achievement.